The apricot tree is a wonderful fruit tree that requires some care to harvest beautiful apricots.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Prunus Armeniaca
Family : Rosaceae
Type : Fruit tree
Height : 5/6 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary
Foliage : Expired -Flowering : Spring -Harvest : Summer
Planting, maintenance and pruning are important to prevent disease and ensure proper development of your apricot tree.
- Read also: health benefits and virtues of apricot
It is recommended to plant your apricot treein autumn keeping a distance of 1.50 m between each foot if there are several.
You can also plant the apricot treein spring or summer but then plan for more regular watering at the start.
Where can you plant an apricot tree?
The apricot tree has good hardiness since, depending on the variety, it resistant to frost and cold up to -20 ° or even -25 °.
The only thing the apricot tree fears is the late frost when it is in bloom.
This is why apricot trees are only planted in areas that do not fear late frosts.
On the other hand, there are varieties with late flowering (around April) which are less sensitive to these frosts. Therefore prefer late varieties like the apricot tree Polish.
How to plant an apricot tree:
- The apricot tree needs sunlight to flower well.
- Rich, well-drained soil will improve the harvest of apricots.
- The apricot tree fears excessively humid areas and waterlogged soils.
- A situation rather sheltered from strong winds is preferable.
- Check out our planting tips.
The majority of apricot trees are self-fertile.
Apricot tree care
Easy to maintain, the apricot tree requires very little care when properly installed.
To prevent disease, treatment at the end of winter can protect the apricot tree from a large number of fungi.
- After flowering, spray Bordeaux mixture, in particular in order to avoid apricot rot, called moniliosis.
- In spring, bury 1 or 2 handfuls of fruit tree fertilizer under the apricot tree.
- In autumn, spread compost or even manure at the foot of the tree
Well treated and above all treated at the right time, it is possible to avoid the diseases and fungi that affect the apricot tree.
The first thing to avoid is the spring frost that can wipe out a crop. Plant imperatively in the sun and sheltered from the wind to limit this risk.
Most common diseases and parasites:
Moniliosis : Common disease in apricot. Apricots rot on the apricot tree.
- Here's how to fight moniliosis
Powdery mildew : Young apricots are attacked by this fungus and we see a white felt and whitish spots appear.
- Here's how to fight powdery mildew
Aphids : These are the most common pests in apricot trees.
- Here's how to fight aphids
The apricot tree is subject to the same diseases as those which affect the peach tree, in particular the peach leaf curl but also the blight.
Apricot tree pruning
Annual pruning is recommended for improve harvest.
It is carried outin spring or fall, it is only a pruning to balance the tree.
Maintain an airy shape by removing weak branches and favoring branches that grow outward.
Prune the apricot tree in spring:
In order to stimulate the appearance of beautiful and numerous apricots, you can practice fruiting size before the resumption of vegetation.
Prune the apricot tree in the fall:
As soon as the leaves fall, the tree is thinned to slightly reduce the stems that have given fruit and the fragile and damaged branches are removed.
As the apricot tree is very sensitive to injury, it is prudent to put a healing putty after pruning.
In case of very abundant production, do not hesitate to thin out in the spring by removing a few fruits.
Bergarouge : Red color, it is a large apricot, sweet and juicy, it is harvested from mid-July.
Bergeron : Yellow color, it is juicy and can be harvested from August. It is a very frost resistant variety.
Hargrand : Yellow color, it behaves very well for making jams. It is harvested from mid-July.
Luizet : Apricot nicely spotted, and particularly juicy, it is harvested from mid July.
Muscat : Yellow color, it is a particularly tasty old variety that is harvested from mid July.
Orangered : Red color, it is early since it is one of the first to be harvested. It is crunchy.
Nancy fishing : Yellow color, it offers large fruits with a musky taste and is harvested in late July early August
Pointu de roquevaire : Yellow color, it is very fragrant and recognizable by its very pointed shape, it is harvested from July.
Polish : Yellow color, it is a perfect apricot for your jams, it is harvested from the beginning of July.
Rosé from Provence : Red color, it is very sweet and is harvested from the beginning of July
Roussillon red : Red color, it is particularly fragrant and is harvested from the beginning of July
Tardif du Tain : Orange-yellow color, it is late and is harvested at the end of August.
To know about the apricot tree
The apricot tree is also called the common apricot tree (Prunus armeniaca).
It is part of the genus Prunus and of the large family of Rosaceae.
Traces of its culture can be found in ancient China over 2,000 years old.
Productive in fruit and very floriferous, this small tree has many advantages, both in spring with its magnificent pinkish-white flowers and in summer with its orange-yellow apricots.
- Read also: health benefits and virtues of apricot
No need to water abundantly because this tree is quite resistant to periods of temporary drought.